published in ecosystems
The garrigue is a type of more or less open vegetation with low shrubby formations. In Greece, it is known as “phrygana”, in Palestine as “batha”, “coastal sages” in California and “renosterbos” in South-Africa. In general, the garrigue is regarded as the result of an advanced deterioration of the shrub. If the soil is particularly depleted, the garrigue is the first natural stage of forest vegetation. The garrigue consists of scattered low shrubs (rarely more than half a metre tall) in sunny spots, along with many herbs amidst bare rocks and sandy or pebbly soils. Many of these shrubs are thorny, aromatic, with small, hard and often hairy leaves.