Aeolic production in Italy

In 2017 Italy was at 10th place of biggest aeolian energy producers’ ranking, with an installed capacity of 9.5 GW. A placement that deserves respect, if we think at country’s smallness if compared to “giants” like USA, China or India.
Moreover, conditions for aeolian production in Italy aren’t the most favourable, given the peculiar shape of the country with this long and stretched territory, presence of high mountains such as the Alps which offer a barrier to winds; however there are many ideal places locally, especially on the Adriatic side of the Apennines and on the islands, and there are big potentials for offshore plants.
The aeolian energy production actually started in 1994, just with pilot plants or experimental ones, in the national energy balance. From this year, it persevered to give significant increases. In 1994, the aeolian energy (with a production of 6 GWh) represented the 0,02 % of the total renewable source energy amount, while in 2001, with a production of 1.179 GWh, this amount increased to the 2,14% and, in 2006, to the 5,6%, producing 2.971 GWh. In 2007 we saw the real “quality leap”: the aeolian energy produced, 4.034 GWh, representing the 8% of our renewable sources energy, and the 1,2% of the national electric balance, based on the produced and imported energy. The growth of wind power has continued during years and in 2016 reached 17,689 GWh per share.
In the end of 2015, Italy owns 3,598 installed aeolian plants. Anyway, because of the morphological features of our land and the consequent wind rate, their distribution is not uniform for every region. The highest concentration of aeolian plants is in Puglia (892farms), followed by Basilicata (722), Sicily (524), Campania (388),  Sardinia (354), Calabria (244), Tuscany (110), Emilia Romagna (66), Marche (50), Lazio (46), Molise (42), Liguria (34), Umbria (23), Veneto (17), Piedmont (16), Trentino (13), Lombardy (7), Friuli Venezia Giulia (5) and Aosta Valley (4).
About the efficient gross power, in 2016 it was of 9,410 MW, so distributed: Apulia (2,441 MW, the 25.9% of the national aeolian power), Sicily (1,795MW, the 19.1% of the national aeolian power), Campania (1,351 MW, the 14.4%), Calabria (1,305 MW, the 10.9%), Sardinia (1,012 MW, the 10.7%), Basilicata (867 MW, the 9.2%), Molise (374 MW, the 4%), Abruzzo (232 MW, the 2.5%), Tuscany (123 MW, the 1.3%), Liguria (58 MW, the 0.6%), Lazio (52 MW, the 0.6%), Emilia Romagna (25 MW, the 0.3%), Marche (20 MW, the 0.2%), Piedmont (19 MW, the 0.2%), Veneto (9 MW, the 0.1%), Aosta Valley (3 MW, the 0.1%), Umbria (2 MW, the 0.1%).
The energy produced in 2016 amounted to 17,689 GWh  –  27.1% came from the Apulia region, 17.3% from Sicily, 14.5% from the Campania region, 12.3% from Calabria, 10.6% from Sardinia,  6.5% from  Basilicata, 4% from Molise,  2.1% from Abruzzo and  1.3% from Tuscany.
In all the other Italian regions, the production of wind energy was less than 1%.Therefore, we can easily see how the regions of Southern and Central Italy are the most productive ones, thanks to the propitious wind conditions along the Apennine Crest and on the islands’ relieves, while the Alps negatively influence the wind exploitation in the regions placed under this mountain chain.
(Souce: GSE, Rapporto Statistico “Energia da Fonti Rinnovabili in Italia – 2016”)
Future scenarios
According to OWEMES (Offshore Wind and other marine renewable Energy in Mediterranean and European Seas), future scenarios of wind energy systems indicate the Puglia Region as the region with the greatest extension in sq. km, that can be used for offshore plants (2,932 sq. km), followed by the Marche region (2,717 sq. km), Sicily (1,772 sq. km), Sardinia (1,270 sq. km), Abruzzo (952 sq. km), Tuscany (727 sq. km ), Emilia Romagna (369 sq. km ), Molise (292 sq. km ) and Lazio (6 sq. km ), for a total amount of 11,686 sq. km  that can be dedicated to the development of wind energy. In the larger islands there is the possibility of counting on places where the speed of the wind is greater (approximately 7-8 m/s) than the average in other sites (6-7 m/s), and the Puglia region is one of the regions with the largest number of marine offshore wind parks being developed.

Special reports

From the Multimedia section

  • energy

    Global installed wind capacity, top 10 countries, 2017

    Look

    energy

    Wind power production in Italy

    Look

    energy

    Installed wind power in Europe in 2017

    Look
  • energy

    Beaufort wind scale

    Look

    energy

    Vertical axis generator

    Look

    energy

    Blender

    Look
  • energy

    In the Flanders

    Look

    energy

    Windmill

    Look

    energy

    Share of renewable electricity sources in total electricity sector consumption (2018)

    Look
  • energy

    Global installed wind capacity, top 10 countries, 2017

    Look

    energy

    Wind power production in Italy

    Look
  • energy

    Installed wind power in Europe in 2017

    Look

    energy

    Beaufort wind scale

    Look
  • energy

    Vertical axis generator

    Look

    energy

    Blender

    Look
  • energy

    Global installed wind capacity, top 10 countries, 2017

    Look
  • energy

    Wind power production in Italy

    Look
  • energy

    Installed wind power in Europe in 2017

    Look

Facts

  • 8 July 2013

    Hywind, floating wind power turbines

    The future of wind power turbines is afloat...

    Italian offshore wind farm

    The first Italian wind farm will be installed in the waters of the Strait of Otranto...

  • 16 May 2011

    An artificial geyser

    Electric and thermal power produced from geothermal energy depend on the existence of underground infiltrations...

    A hydrogen house

    In Settimo, a municipality close to Turin, the first Unité d’Abitation has been created...

  • Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

    Phyto-depuration

    A very interesting project has been carried out by Lombardy region...