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The savannah environment is in the tropical and in the equatorial zones, which have seasonal rain that characterize two different seasons: the rainy season and the dry season.
This climate determines the ideal conditions for widespread grasslands that are typical of the savannah. The temperature is high all year round. The grass is more resistant than the trees and notwithstanding the dry winds, it looses less water than the taller plants and is the principal source of food for many animals of the savannah. In the grasslands of East Africa, the elephants, antelopes and giraffes eat only the leaves; gnus eat the higher grasses, zebras graze the low grass and the gazelles eat plants and grass that grow near the soil. Every year, at the end of the rainy season, many grazing animals start to migrate in search of water and food, and are followed by predators and “scavengers”. Lions, leopards, cheetahs, wild dogs and hyena attack the herds, vultures and jackals clean up the carcasses, crocodiles and catfish await near the fords where the herds gather in large numbers to cross the swollen rivers.

subjects dealt with in Savannah

Savannah biome

The savannah is a type of prairie consisting of fast-growing herbaceous and shrubby plants generally associated to groups of big…

Man and savannah

The habitat of the savannah favours farming and breeding and this is why it has been remarkably altered. The people…

Protected areas

Today protected areas are formally indicated as “land and/or sea areas specifically dedicated to the protection and preservation of biological…

What to do

Equally important is the problem of elephants, hunted for their ivory tusks. The tusks are the upper incisors, which in…

special reports

from the Multimedia section

  • ecosystems

    Cheetahs

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    ecosystems

    Zebra

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    life

    The fingerprint of zebras

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  • ecosystems

    Elephants

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    ecosystems

    African and Asian elephant

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    life

    The African elephant

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  • life

    The teeth of the elephant

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    ecosystems

    Crocodiles

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    ecosystems

    Plants of the savannah

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  • ecosystems

    Cheetahs

    Look

    ecosystems

    Zebra

    Look
  • life

    The fingerprint of zebras

    Look

    ecosystems

    Elephants

    Look
  • ecosystems

    African and Asian elephant

    Look

    life

    The African elephant

    Look

curiosities

 
 
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