Oil fields distribution

When analyzing the list of major producers of hydrocarbons in the world, the differences in the various countries are immediately highlighted. However it must be borne in mind that production is influenced by a vast series of factors, among which the potential of the reserves is only one of the main ones; technical factors can make  extraction more or less difficult even in the presence of large reserves and economic factors may lead to an increase in the production depending on the demand. For example, the production of the USA is very high compared to the estimated reserves, while in the Middle East, which has enormous reserves, the production/reserves ratio is very low. Therefore it is important not to confuse production with the size of the reserves. The largest producers are not necessarily the countries with the largest reserves. 49% of the oil reserves is localized in the Middle East. Most of the oil reserves are in Venezuela, accounting for 18.2%; the countries that follow are Saudi Arabia, Canada, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Russia, United States and Libya. Most of the gas reserves, instead, are in Russia, accounting for 25.1% of the world reserves, followed by the Middle East, Iran and Qatar, which together account for 28.7% of the total.

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From the Multimedia section

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Facts

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    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

    Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

    Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

  • Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

    Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

    Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

  • Some curiosities about methane hydrates

    The melting of the ice cells, not only brings about the release of methane gas, but it also produces another…

    Hydrogen from the sugar cane

    The Centro di Ricerca Interuniversitario per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile (CIRPS) carried out a study in Peru...

    Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

  • 2 March 2011

    Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

    Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

  • Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

    Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

  • Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

    Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

  • Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

  • Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

  • Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...