Radioprotection

Once the harmful health effects of exposure to ionising radiation were ascertained, it became essential to formulate adequate protection measures. As a consequence radioprotection was born, a set of measures aimed at guaranteeing protection of workers, the population and the environment against the risks of ionising radiation.
The basic rules of radioprotection are the following:

  • move away from the source of radiation, since the intensity of radiation decreases with increasing distance from the source (for example: nuclear power plants are surrounded by a “respect zone” which prevents the establishment of human activities in the immediate neighbourhood);
  • interpose shielding material between the source and humans (for example: in nuclear plants, the protection of workers and the surrounding environment is ensured by radiation shields made of thick walls of lead, steel, concrete or other special materials);
  • reduce the length of time of exposure to radiation to a minimum.

Source: ISPRA (ex A.N.P.A.)

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