Global network

On ground level, meteorological observations are carried out by a network of over 10,000 stations distributed all over the Earth’s surface, to which we must also add the numerous mobile stations on ships and aircraft that are equipped for the purpose.
The main observations are pressure, temperature, air humidity, direction and speed of the wind, precipitation, clouds. The more important stations also measure insolation, the sun’s radiation, evaporation and ground temperature. The data that are collected enable the reconstruction of the weather charts on ground. In Italy, the stations are managed by the meteorology service of the Military Aeronautics, and are connected to the international network, coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization. All observations and transmission of data are carried out according to a precise international code.
The ground stations’ data are integrated with the data recorded by the satellites, that are connected to each other through the worldwide network of meteorological satellites. The World Meteorological Organization carries out the task of collecting the data, coordinating and codifying the exchange of information of various Countries, so that it is possible to work at the problems connected with the weather and climate on a global scale.
At present, thanks to the Internet network, it is possible to access numerous sites that are concerned with meteorology, including the national services, where it is possible to consult weather charts and have access to forecasts and satellite images.

Special reports

  • 29 April 2020

    Lightning

    Man has always been afraid of lightning, in fact in the past lightning was considered a sign of the anger…

    23 October 2017

    Carbon Footprint

    A very special footprint...

  • 10 February 2020

    Coral turns pale!

    The coral reef is one of the ecosystems with the richest biodiversity...

    5 September 2022

    The Arctic is warming up four times faster

    The planet is warming due to the greenhouse effect—this is now clear to all of us. What is less well…

  • 23 June 2022

    Climate and the Earth’s volcanoes

    We know that the chief greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide. We also know that the greenhouse effect is the cause…

    15 November 2021

    How did Cop26 end?

    On Saturday afternoon in Glasgow, representatives of more than 200 countries attending the COP26 United Nations climate change conference reached…

  • 29 April 2020

    Lightning

    Man has always been afraid of lightning, in fact in the past lightning was considered a sign of the anger…

  • 23 October 2017

    Carbon Footprint

    A very special footprint...

  • 10 February 2020

    Coral turns pale!

    The coral reef is one of the ecosystems with the richest biodiversity...

From the Multimedia section

Facts