Desertification

Desertification is a process of degradation with regressive alterations of the water cycle, of the fertility of the soil and of the biodiversity of ecosystems. In Mediterranean scrub areas, especially in the Mediterranean basin, deep economical and social changes have been taking place since the Fifties which led to leave the countryside, to change the use of the soil, to increase the demand for water and to urbanise rural and coastal areas. These territorial exploitation phenomena have increased the gravity of erosive processes and degradation and desertification risks. In particular, deforestation and the loss of the vegetal covering cause the soil to lose much of its ability to retain water, so this impoverished soil is no longer productive.

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  • ecosystems

    Desertification

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    earth

    Desertification

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    air

    Desertification

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  • air

    Estimated impacts related to desertification in Southern Europe

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    Nature of the desertification phenomenon

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    Possible impacts of desertification

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  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub plants

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    ecosystems

    Mediterranean sea

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    air

    Some estimated impacts of climate changes in the Mediterranean area

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  • ecosystems

    Desertification

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    earth

    Desertification

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  • air

    Desertification

    Look

    air

    Estimated impacts related to desertification in Southern Europe

    Look
  • air

    Nature of the desertification phenomenon

    Look

    air

    Possible impacts of desertification

    Look

Facts