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This type of environment is characterized by warm dry summers and mild rainy winters. This remarkably influences the vegetation, which is therefore characterized by low, woody, evergreen plants with a sclerophytic type of structure, that is, with small and hard leaves that are suited to resist the summer draught.
For this reason the Mediterranean scrub is also called “sclerophyl  forest” (skleros = hard, phyllon = leaf).
Total annual rainfall is approximately 250-500 millimetres and occurs mainly in the winter months. In summer the mean monthly temperature is often higher than 20°C and in this biome, in winter it very rarely freezes.

subjects dealt with in Mediterranean Scrub

Mediterranean Scrub

The most typical Mediterranean scrub area is the Mediterranean basin, but it can also be found in other regions of…

Man and the biome

Olive trees are the native arboreal species that is most commonly grown in the region of the Mediterranean scrub and…

Human impact

One of the main causes for the drying of the soil is excess pasturing. It occurs when the pressure of…

What to do

The Civil Defence suggests some sustainable behavioural rules to prevent fires: do not light fires near wood, flammable liquids in…

special reports

from the Multimedia section

  • ecosystems

    Boars

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    ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub flowers

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    ecosystems

    Mediterranean sea

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  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub plants

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    air

    Some estimated impacts of climate changes in the Mediterranean area

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    ecosystems

    Prickly Juniper

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  • ecosystems

    Deer (DAMA DAMA)

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    ecosystems

    Chrissi Island

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    ecosystems

    Garrigue

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  • ecosystems

    Boars

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    ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub flowers

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean sea

    Look

    ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub plants

    Look
  • air

    Some estimated impacts of climate changes in the Mediterranean area

    Look

    ecosystems

    Prickly Juniper

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Boars

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub flowers

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean sea

    Look

curiosities

 
 
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