Why are not plants?

Fungi come in a wide variety of forms and life cycles. As a consequence it is very hard to classify them.
In the past, fungi were classed as plants and only after in-depth studies the features that distinguished them from both vegetal organisms and all the other eukaryote organisms were discovered, so that they could be considered as belonging to a completely different kingdom.
One of the first essential differences from plants is that fungi are heterotrophic; secondly, their cellular walls are composed of chitin, a carbohydrate that lacks in plants but can be found in the external skeleton of insects and crustaceans. In addition, fungi can store glycogen as a reserve material just like animals do.

Special reports

  • 5 February 2010

    Extreme bacteria

    Researchers from the Cnr with Bruno D’Argento and...

  • 3 November 2014

    Conan the bacterium

    Have you ever leafed through the pages of a book of Guinness World Records? You can find records of all…

  • 27 September 2012

    Over 7 billion people on Earth

    Demographers have estimated that on 31 October 2011 world population...

From the Multimedia section

  • life

    A bag of bananas!

    Look

    life

    Active yeast

    Look

    life

    Detecting vitamin C

    Look
  • life

    Amanita muscaria

    Look

    life

    Classification of mushrooms – 1

    Look

    life

    Classification of mushrooms – 2

    Look
  • life

    How to preserve edible mushrooms

    Look

    life

    Mushroom picking

    Look

    life

    Poisonous mushrooms

    Look
  • life

    A bag of bananas!

    Look

    life

    Active yeast

    Look
  • life

    Detecting vitamin C

    Look

    life

    Amanita muscaria

    Look
  • life

    Classification of mushrooms – 1

    Look

    life

    Classification of mushrooms – 2

    Look

Facts

  • 13 May 2011

    Decomposing organisms

    The ability to destroy organic matter has been used by man...

    Bread and cheese, wine or beer

    Yeast is used to make wine, beer and bread. When mixed with the bread dough...

  • Let’s eat!

    The economic importance of fungi is increased by the “edible” mushrooms...

    Predator mushroom

    <em>Pleutrotus ostreatus</em> mushroom does not have teeth or claws but it is...

  • Who lives well with low oxygen?

    <i><span style="font-style: normal; " class="Apple-style-span"><i><em>Aquandriella fermentas</em> </i>lives in stagnant waters and can stand complete anaerobiosis...</span></i>

    Responsible for fish-plagues

    <em>Sporolegnia parasitica</em> is widely present in estuaries and fish tanks and that...