Where is it?

Biomass is one of the most abundant renewable energy sources on our planet. In 2015, biomass covered 9.7% of world energy requirements (International Energy Agency Key World Energy Statistics 2017). Its use, however, is not evenly spread. Bioenergy plays a role in all three main energy-use sectors: heat (and cooling), electricity and transport.
Biomass in many forms – as solids, liquids or gases – can be burned directly  to produce heat for cooking and heating in  the residential sector by means of the traditional use of biomass or in modern appliances. It also can be used at a larger  scale to heat larger institutional and commercial buildings, or in industry. The traditional use of biomass for heat involves primarily the use of simple and inefficient devices to burn woody biomass, in the form of fuelwood or charcoal, or agricultural residues and dung burned. Biomass energy use in 2016 is estimated at 46.4 EJ (1 exajoule (EJ) is equal to 1018 joules), although it is difficult to quantify the volume consumed given the informal nature of the supply and uncertainty regarding the use of these biomass materials.
Traditional biomass is mainly used in developing countries, where this energy source represents 34% – 40% of the total energy requirement. Modern bioenergy applications, on the other hand, are primarily used in developed countries, like Europe, Asia and North America.
Bio-power capacity increased by an estimated 7% in 2017, to 122 GW, and generation rose by 11% to 555 TWh. The leading countries for electricity generation from biomass in 2017 were China (79.4%, the United States (69 TWh), Brazil (49 TWh), Japan (37 TWh)  and India (32.5 TWh). In Italy, on the other hand, in 2016 19.5 TWh of electricity were produced from biomass: the biomass contribution domestic electricity production was therefore 5.7%.
Finally, the global production of biofuels increased by 2.5% in 2017, reaching the record value of 143 billion litres produced. Ethanol fuel accounted for 65% of the total, biodiesel for 29% and hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) for the remaining 6%. Global production of biofuels was dominated by the United States and Brazil, followed by Germany, Argentina, China and Indonesia.
(Data source: Renewables 2018, Global Status Report)

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