What is it for?

The main applications of biomass are: energy production (biopower), fuel synthesis (biofuel) and product synthesis (bioproduct).
In the energy field, wood and cellulose biomass (wood and by-products of grass, tree and forest cultivation) is mainly used as multi-purpose fuel: household heating, to produce electric energy and industrial uses.
Other sectors affected by the processing of this raw material are: the sectors of paper, cellulose, particle-board, compounds, animal food and chemical products.
“Energy culture”, i.e. the cultivation of vegetal species growing rapidly, are generally used in the production of bio-fuels. For example, from the transformation processes of organic matter of plants that produce vegetable oils and sugar (e.g. sunflowers, sweet sorghum and sugar beet), bioethanol which can be used as an additive in petrol and biodiesel a mixture with characteristics that are similar to diesel oil, are obtained. Biodiesel is obtained from the chemical transformation of rapeseed oil, soybean and sunflower oil. Rapeseed is a plant which has yellow flowers that produces seeds that are very rich in oily substances. Biodiesel can be used as fuel for the engines of cars, and it has numerous advantages.  It is clean, it is biodegradable, it is safer than the more common fossil fuels. In order to produce biodiesel you need large quantities of vegetable oils and for this reason in the world there are large plantations dedicated to the production of plants that produce oil.
Bio-fuels, as well as producing heat and/or electric power, can be used as a car propeller, both mixed with other fuels or pure.

 

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From the Multimedia section

  • energy

    Number of bioenergy plants by region in Italy in 2016

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    energy

    Italy: bioenergy production by category in 2016

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    energy

    Italy: capacity of bioenergy plants by category (2016)

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  • energy

    Italy: number of bioenergy plants by category in 2016

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    energy

    Italy: evolution of bioenergy plants

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    energy

    Ethanol and biodiesel global production

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  • energy

    Power of bioenergy plants by region in Italy (2016)

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    energy

    Sunflowers

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    energy

    Biogas production

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  • energy

    Number of bioenergy plants by region in Italy in 2016

    Look

    energy

    Italy: bioenergy production by category in 2016

    Look
  • energy

    Italy: capacity of bioenergy plants by category (2016)

    Look

    energy

    Italy: number of bioenergy plants by category in 2016

    Look
  • energy

    Italy: evolution of bioenergy plants

    Look

    energy

    Ethanol and biodiesel global production

    Look
  • energy

    Number of bioenergy plants by region in Italy in 2016

    Look
  • energy

    Italy: bioenergy production by category in 2016

    Look
  • energy

    Italy: capacity of bioenergy plants by category (2016)

    Look

Facts

  • Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

    Phyto-depuration

    A very interesting project has been carried out by Lombardy region...

    Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

  • Hydrogen from the sugar cane

    The Centro di Ricerca Interuniversitario per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile (CIRPS) carried out a study in Peru...

    Some curiosities about methane hydrates

    The melting of the ice cells, not only brings about the release of methane gas, but it also produces another…

    Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

  • Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

    ITER fusion reactor

    The reactor that will be able to produce electronuclear energy without risk of explosion or radioactive waste...

    Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

  • 16 May 2011

    Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

    Phyto-depuration

    A very interesting project has been carried out by Lombardy region...

  • 2 March 2011

    Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

    16 May 2011

    Hydrogen from the sugar cane

    The Centro di Ricerca Interuniversitario per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile (CIRPS) carried out a study in Peru...

  • 14 June 2011

    Some curiosities about methane hydrates

    The melting of the ice cells, not only brings about the release of methane gas, but it also produces another…

    2 March 2011

    Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

  • 16 May 2011

    Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

  • Phyto-depuration

    A very interesting project has been carried out by Lombardy region...

  • 2 March 2011

    Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…