Biotechnology

Through biotechnology, segments of DNA can be introduced in the genetic inheritance of a bacterium. Human DNA supplies bacterial cells with instructions to synthesise proteins that the bacteria usually do not synthesise. This has led to the production of proteins that are very important to treat some diseases. Nowadays, substances that in the past used to be extracted from natural sources and often available in limited amounts can be obtained from bacteria in large amounts and at low costs. The protein molecules of bacterial origin that are useful in medicine include insulin for diabetes, interferon for viral infections and the growth hormone.

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From the Multimedia section

Facts

  • Bio-luminescence

    Many sea animals, including a lot of fish and molluscs that live in the dark in the ocean depths...

    Down-pouring bacteria

    It sounds incredible, but recent researches have found that bacteria can cause some atmospheric phenomena...

    Bacteria as Sherlock Holmes

    A drop of blood, a fragment of skin or a hair found on the scene of a crime can supply…

  • Bacteria as miners

    The ability of chemoautotrophic bacteria to take energy from...

    Bacteria as detergents

    Enzymes are proteins produced by the cells of all living organisms...

    High-fashion bacteria

    Some bacteria, the Clostridia, were used to make textile fibres...

  • Who lives well with low oxygen?

    <i><span style="font-style: normal; " class="Apple-style-span"><i><em>Aquandriella fermentas</em> </i>lives in stagnant waters and can stand complete anaerobiosis...</span></i>

    Predator mushroom

    <em>Pleutrotus ostreatus</em> mushroom does not have teeth or claws but it is...

    Decomposing organisms

    The ability to destroy organic matter has been used by man...

  • 13 May 2011

    Bio-luminescence

    Many sea animals, including a lot of fish and molluscs that live in the dark in the ocean depths...

    Down-pouring bacteria

    It sounds incredible, but recent researches have found that bacteria can cause some atmospheric phenomena...

  • Bacteria as Sherlock Holmes

    A drop of blood, a fragment of skin or a hair found on the scene of a crime can supply…

    Bacteria as miners

    The ability of chemoautotrophic bacteria to take energy from...

  • Bacteria as detergents

    Enzymes are proteins produced by the cells of all living organisms...

    High-fashion bacteria

    Some bacteria, the Clostridia, were used to make textile fibres...

  • Bio-luminescence

    Many sea animals, including a lot of fish and molluscs that live in the dark in the ocean depths...

  • Down-pouring bacteria

    It sounds incredible, but recent researches have found that bacteria can cause some atmospheric phenomena...

  • Bacteria as Sherlock Holmes

    A drop of blood, a fragment of skin or a hair found on the scene of a crime can supply…