Some need oxygen, other do not

The word metabolism refers to those biochemical reactions that are vital for life and continuously occur inside the cells of each living being. Some of these reactions can only occur if there is oxygen. Some others, instead, do not need it. Aerobic bacteria are those bacteria that, like animals, “breathe oxygen”. Anaerobic bacteria are those bacteria that can live in an environment without this gas.
Bacterial reproduction is asexual: it occurs by fission and not through the exchange of genetic material between two individuals of a different sex. Each bacterial cell divides itself to originate two identical cells that, in their turn, divide themselves into two other identical cells, and so on. A single cell is able to generate, in a short time, colonies of bacteria that are be made up of millions of cells.

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From the Multimedia section

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    Many sea animals, including a lot of fish and molluscs that live in the dark in the ocean depths...

    Bacteria as detergents

    Enzymes are proteins produced by the cells of all living organisms...

  • Down-pouring bacteria

    It sounds incredible, but recent researches have found that bacteria can cause some atmospheric phenomena...

    High-fashion bacteria

    Some bacteria, the Clostridia, were used to make textile fibres...

  • Bacteria as Sherlock Holmes

    A drop of blood, a fragment of skin or a hair found on the scene of a crime can supply…

    Bacteria as miners

    The ability of chemoautotrophic bacteria to take energy from...

  • Bio-luminescence

    Many sea animals, including a lot of fish and molluscs that live in the dark in the ocean depths...

  • Bacteria as detergents

    Enzymes are proteins produced by the cells of all living organisms...

  • Down-pouring bacteria

    It sounds incredible, but recent researches have found that bacteria can cause some atmospheric phenomena...