Bacteria as detergents

Enzymes are proteins produced by the cells of all living organisms. These molecules promote and speed up all chemical reactions taking place in the organism. Inside the cell, some enzymes are used to synthesise important substances, such as nucleic acids, hormones and neurotransmitters; others demolish foods, such as fats, proteins and sugars. The enzymes produced by specific bacteria are used to make many detergents. These enzymes digest the fats contained in the dirt, making it easier for the detergent and the water to remove it.

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