Restoration of mines
Thanks to current technologies it is possible to bring abandoned mines back to their original condition and often increase their productivity.
A mine provokes an impact on surface and underground water, on the soil, on the use of local territories, on vegetation and fauna. Each mine requires a recovery and rehabilitation plan that covers all the phases of the mine life. Recovery activities have to be progressive: remodelling of land morphology, restoration of the superficial part of the soil, tree planting on the site (see image).
Both before and after mine activity it is necessary to take care of the wild fauna, historical sites and all the resources that have a certain value for the territory. During extraction it is necessary to minimize the production of dusts, acoustic pollution, and water contamination.
After the extraction activity is completed, the wells can be used to build tanks or create recreational activities with the use of water.
The recovered land can be used in several different ways: agriculture, silviculture, recreation, industrial buildings or accommodation and wild fauna habitat.
Today the coal industry is committed to protecting the environment and claiming the land is an integrating part of most mine activities. Coal extraction companies are investing a lot (both in qualifications and financial resources) to recover the land in order to restore the same (or better conditions) as before the extraction was started.
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