Artificial intelligence: how can it be governed?

From ‘Blade Runner’ to ‘Matrix’, from ‘WALL-E’ to ‘I, Robot’, artificial intelligence, whether as androids, algorithms, software or cyborgs, has been part of our collective imagination for several decades. Already in the 1940s, Isaac Asimov, famous above all for his…


Italy’s status on renewable sources

Renewable sources in Italy The Energy Services Operator (GSE) periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used in Italy. The issue of the “Energy from Renewable Sources in Italy – 2015” statistical report (published in March 2017 and…


Energy and renewable sources: where are we?

The Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (Ren21) periodically publishes figures and statistics on the market, industry, investments and policies regarding renewable sources in the world. These figures are illustrated and analysed in the “Renewables 2017 Global Status…



What are they? The term "biofuels" means liquid or gaseous fuel obtained from biomass, which can be used to power internal combustion engines. They are traditionally used for automotive use, replacing (or mixed with) fossil fuels, but their use is…


Faraday, an electrifying biography

"The important thing is to know how to take all things quietly". This is one of the most famous quotes of Michael Faraday, a scientist who succeeded admirably with simplicity. Born in 1791 to a family of humble origins –…


Geothermal stories: what can we do with the hot water?

Close your eyes and think of the word 'geothermal'. What you see? In addition to hot springs, the spectacle of geysers and the production of electricity, what can we do with the hot water? Actually, despite little is said of…


Brief history of geothermal energy

It accounts for 25% of the energy needs of Tuscany, 1.3% of national demand and it is estimated that in 2050 it could meet 3% of the electricity demand of the entire planet. And yet we can say that currently…


The energy future includes natural gas

In the 80s, a series of TV commercials represented the arrival of natural gas in Italy as a baby in blue overalls happily crawling. Thirty years have passed, but that image, linked forever to the slogan "natural gas gives you…


Horizontal axis wind turbine: technological evolution

Technologies for harnessing the wind for electricity generation have seen remarkable growth in the last decade, especially compared to the system configurations of classic wind turbines (for details please refer to the article: Wind energy: horizontal axis wind turbine technology).…

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