published in energy
Primary energy consumption by energy source in Italy
If the primary consumption of energy is analysed by source, it can be noted that from 2000 to 2014 consumption of crude oil decreased 37%. This reduction, particularly pronounced in the second five-year period (-15.4%), is mainly due to the energy policies implemented in Italy that have privileged natural gas as the primary source of energy for the civil sector and for the generation of electricity. In fact, from 2000 to 2005 the consumption of natural gas increased by 22% registering a peak of 71,169 ktep in 2005. From 2005 to 2014, a negative trend can also be seen for the consumption of gas (-28.7%) which is particularly significant starting from the economic and financial crisis.
The sources which showed an upward trend notwithstanding the economic crisis during the reference period, are the renewable sources of energy; from 12,904 ktep in 2000, they reached 34,671 ktep, recording a 168.7% increase. However, it must be underlined that their contribution to the overall energy mix is still modest.
Lastly, we can point out that dependence on imported electricity has remained basically unchanged in the ten years taken into account.
Source: Bilancio Energetico Nazionale – Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico