published in energy
Final energy consumption by energy source in Italy
If we focus on final energy consumption by energy source, we can observe that from the year 2000 to 2005, oil and natural gas consumption show an increase of 3.7% and 15.9% respectively. The substantial increase in natural gas consumption is mainly due to the Italian energy policies: in fact, natural gas – also as a consequence of the environmental benefits that it offers – has gradually taken the place of oil as a fossil fuel energy source for electricity production, industrial production and for household heating. As in the case of primary consumption, from 2005 to 2014 use of gas and crude oil showed a 27.4% and 26.7% decrease respectively, which was particularly significant in the years of the economic and financial crisis.
With regard to the renewable sources, their contribution to covering the final consumption, in the overall energy mix, is still marginal (5.7%). Lastly it is observed that the final consumption of electric energy, consisting of imported energy and Italian national production, has remained generally constant in the period of reference.
Source: Bilancio Energetico Nazionale – Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico