published in life
The elephant is the largest mammal on Earth, it can weigh up to 7.5 tons and measure up to 3 metres high. It has a big head provided with two huge ears, that, as well as giving it an acute hearing, can be fanned when hot. The tusks of an elephant are just its incisors. These tusks can measure up to three metres long and weigh up to 70 kg; they are used for defence, to dig the ground and to lift objects. Elephants feed on huge amounts of grass, leaves and roots; just think it spends 20 hours a day eating; it drinks 80 to 160 litres of water a day. There are two species of elephants: the African and the Asian elephant. The former is bigger; actually the biggest elephant ever was just an African elephant; it weighed approximately 10 tons and was 4 metres high. Asian elephants have been used for over 5,000 years for heavy work or as fighting means in religious rituals.