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published in ecosystems

Camel

The camel (Camelus ferus bactrianus) is a typical desert animal and distinguishes itself from the dromedary for its two humps. It lives in Asia (Mongolia and Turkestan) and has always been used for long journeys across the desert since it has adapted to resist for a long time with no food or water. This is due first of all to the fact that the camel stores fat in its hump, which provides energy in the place of food. As far as water is concerned, they can lose up to 40% of their body weight with no consequences, a loss that would be fatal to any other animal. Its excrements are used as fuel for campfires. It provides up to ten litres of milk a day to make cheese. Its wool is warm. Unlike the dromedary, which is domestic only, camels can be wild as well.

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