In 2010 were consumed every second 1,117 barrels of oil and 32 million cubic meters ofnatural gas per year (Source: Eni, World Oil and Gas Reviiew, 2011).. Average global energy consumption per head is 60 GJ, equal to the average consumption of a West European citizen in the Sixties - today the energy consumption of each North American is 6 times as much, and it is 3 times as much for each European. However, over one and a half billion people live without electricity. Even though this need shall not be satisfied, by 2030 the energy demand is destined to grow 50%. This forecast is amazing because of the quantity of energy that will be required in little more than twenty years. There are two types of answers to meet the increasing energy demand: two different paths, which are not alternative to one another, but must be followed along parallel lines. On one hand it is necessary to promote the use of renewable sources, that are less polluting, to produce energy, on the other it is necessary to introduce a new energy culture, and energy saving: energy is no longer something we can use greedily, but it is a precious resource that must be utilized with care and in a rational manner.
Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man...