Visual impact

The visual impact of an aerogenerator of a 40-60 metre tall wind power plant is obvious, but it can be downsized by building plants at a certain distance from the nearest urban centre. Todya the visual impact is reduced by positioning the machines on a single row and using neutral colours (like white).
The lowest impact on the environment and landscape can be obtained by positioning the plants in the open sea, in places that are not visible from the coast. At the moment some less isible building solutions are being studied also with regard to installations on the land. It is possible to use chromatic tricks by painting wind towers with same colour as the surrounding landscape (for example the lower part could be green like the surrounding countryside, while the higher part could be light blue like the sky), or adapting shapes of wind plants to already existing structures.
Land occupation
The necessary land to build a wind power plant is generally wide, since the distance between the generators must be accounted for. From this point of view, the power density (10 watts per square metre) is rather low. However, if we consider that windmills and flanking works only cover 2-3% of the territory, the density grows to hundreds of watts per square metre and the space between the two machines can be used for cattle or rearing purposes.

Special reports

From the Multimedia section

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    Global installed wind capacity, top 10 countries, 2017

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    Wind power production in Italy

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    Installed wind power in Europe in 2017

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    Beaufort wind scale

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    Vertical axis generator

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    Blender

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    In the Flanders

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    Windmill

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    energy

    Share of renewable electricity sources in total electricity sector consumption (2018)

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  • energy

    Global installed wind capacity, top 10 countries, 2017

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    energy

    Wind power production in Italy

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  • energy

    Installed wind power in Europe in 2017

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    energy

    Beaufort wind scale

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  • energy

    Vertical axis generator

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    energy

    Blender

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  • energy

    Global installed wind capacity, top 10 countries, 2017

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  • energy

    Wind power production in Italy

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  • energy

    Installed wind power in Europe in 2017

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Facts

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