Man and the ecosystem

The human processes of farming, industrial production and consumption (or use) of commodities are carried out by similar rules as those of the matter and energy flows of the natural ecosystems. Also in the production and consumption of commodities, matter and energy are derived from nature, pass through the productive processes and get to the consumption stage. Waste and scrap are generated and disposed of in the environment during the production and consumption of commodities. The main differences in the matter and energy flows of natural and human artificial ecosystems are:

• the speed at which resources are taken from nature and waste is given back to nature (excessive exploitation of exhaustible and renewable natural resources);
• quality of materials involved in this flow (pollution).

Both factors often prevent the artificial ecosystems from expanding, and, lacking control and corrective measures, they risk destroying their life and perhaps that of many other natural ecosystems. The speed at which natural resources are taken away is actually so high as to cause these resources to quickly disappear, so that no new productive processes can be fed. The amount and speed at which waste is produced often largely exceed the depuration and assimilation ability of the environment, also because much of this waste is non-biodegradable in the short term.

Special reports

From the Multimedia section

  • space

    Cold and heat on the Earth

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    ecosystems

    Anemone

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    ecosystems

    Coral

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  • ecosystems

    Desert animals

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    ecosystems

    Desert plants

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    water

    No more ice for the bears

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  • air

    The polar bear will become extinct

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    ecosystems

    American bear

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    ecosystems

    Boars

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  • space

    Cold and heat on the Earth

    Look

    ecosystems

    Anemone

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Coral

    Look

    ecosystems

    Desert animals

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Desert plants

    Look

    water

    No more ice for the bears

    Look

Facts