Facts

Water pollution is intended as water quality degradation caused by the introduction of substances that alter its physico-chemical characteristics and impede its normal use. These substances having either a solid, liquid or gaseous origin have different effects according to their amount and potential danger and fragility of the environments where they are released. These substances can have a human origin, when they are introduced by humans, or a natural origin. Pollution of water of natural origin can be caused by decomposition of organic debris, saltwater invading coastal aquifers, water blackening due to landslides, earthquakes, dust erupted from volcanoes.
Pollution can either be found at the level of superficial water or subterranean water. Pollution of superficial water can differ in its features or seriousness depending on whether it affects water in a river or in a lake and the consequences are: fish fauna depletion, death of aerobic bacteria and aquatic plants, formation of pestilential odors and deteriorating material, diffusion of pathogenic microorganisms, moreover, the more the water is polluted the greater are the costs of making it drinkable.
Pollution of aquifers is very dangerous from the point of view of preservation of water as a resouce for humans. Once it’s polluted, infact, subterranean water has a low depurative power and shows to employ much more time to recover original quality of water.

Special reports

From the Multimedia section

  • water

    Map of water scarcity

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    water

    Availability of water resources

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    life

    Algae proliferation

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  • water

    Water and man

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    water

    Water and sustainability

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    water

    Components of the water footprint

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  • air

    The polar bear will become extinct

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    life

    Algae living in heavily polluted

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    air

    Desertification

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  • water

    Map of water scarcity

    Look

    water

    Availability of water resources

    Look
  • life

    Algae proliferation

    Look

    water

    Water and man

    Listen
  • water

    Water and sustainability

    Listen

    water

    Components of the water footprint

    Look
  • water

    Map of water scarcity

    Look
  • water

    Availability of water resources

    Look
  • life

    Algae proliferation

    Look

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