Final use of energy

How does a country use the annual primary energy sources available? The answer is provided in the second part of the NEB containing data on the finale use of energy.
Energy uses include the energy consumption of households and enterprises (of course enterprises producing electric energy to be destined to final uses are excluded).
Therefore part of the energy available as a primary source needs to be transformed to be used. As seen before, the most important transformation is the thermoelectric transformation, i.e. fossil fuels becoming electric energy.
By moving from primary consumption to the final consumption we see that the composition of energy sources varies because the quantity of fossil fuels decreases and that of electric energy increases.
Besides in the composition of energy sources, there is a variation also in the quantity of available energy for final uses. The quantity which can be actually destined to final uses is smaller than the primary energy available because the transformation processes involve consumption and losses. For example, the use of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) to produce electric energy approximately involves a 60% average loss of the energy originally contained in the fuel. It means that if among the primary sources 100 Tonne of oil equivalent of coal are available to produce electricity, at the final use stage only 40 Tonne of oil equivalent of electric energy will be available. The remaining 60 Tonne of oil equivalent were lost during the electric transformation process and cannot be used by households or industrial plants (final uses).
At this stage of the National Energy Balance we have the available energy quantity for the final uses, i.e. the quantity of energy consumed by industries (plants), transports (cars, lorries, trains, buses), citizens (households), agriculture and finally bunkering (the fuel consumption of ships).

Special reports

From the Multimedia section

  • energy

    Total primary energy supply in 2013

    Look

    energy

    Fossil fuels world reserves

    Look

    energy

    Electricity production in Italy

    Look
  • energy

    Italy: electricity production from renewables (2018)

    Look

    energy

    Installed capacity of renewable power plants in Italy

    Look

    energy

    Primary energy consumption by energy source in Italy

    Look
  • energy

    Primary energy consumption in Italy

    Look

    energy

    Final energy consumption by energy source in Italy

    Look

    energy

    Final energy consumption in Italy

    Look
  • energy

    Total primary energy supply in 2013

    Look

    energy

    Fossil fuels world reserves

    Look
  • energy

    Electricity production in Italy

    Look

    energy

    Italy: electricity production from renewables (2018)

    Look
  • energy

    Installed capacity of renewable power plants in Italy

    Look

    energy

    Primary energy consumption by energy source in Italy

    Look
  • energy

    Total primary energy supply in 2013

    Look
  • energy

    Fossil fuels world reserves

    Look
  • energy

    Electricity production in Italy

    Look

Facts

  • Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

    Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

    Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

  • Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

    Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

    Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

  • Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

    ITER fusion reactor

    The reactor that will be able to produce electronuclear energy without risk of explosion or radioactive waste...

    Phyto-depuration

    A very interesting project has been carried out by Lombardy region...

  • 2 March 2011

    Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

    Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

  • Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

    Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

  • Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

    Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

  • Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

  • Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

  • Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…