And in Italy?

Italy, as it is well-known, is a country that is particularly exposed to seismic hazard. The Mediterranean, in fact, is closed between the grip of two giants, Africa and Europe, which are inexorably drawing closer to each other. The contact between the two plates created, in the past, the Alpine chain of mountains, therefore it is evident that the forces that are involved are certainly not negligible. There are important subduction zones, as in the Alpine mountain range, under the plains of the Po river and in a strip that extends from Sicily to the Aegean Sea. The raising of the Apennine mountains, pushed against the Dalmatian coasts, and the presence of numerous zones of intense volcanic activity, are often, but not always, tied to the clashing of the plates of the Mediterranean, making our country (Italy)  a zone of very high risk in which to live. In the past 2000 years, thousands of earthquakes have been recorded, of which at least 150 of great intensity, with over 450,000 victims (equal to 10% of the victims of equally intense  earthquakes worldwide). Only Sardinia and the Salento peninsula are historically “immune” to earthquakes (even though, naturally, they are affected by the earthquakes in other areas). In the Alpine Mountain range, seismicity is relatively low, with the exception of the Trentino, Friuli and Piemonte regions, while all the remaining regions of the Italian peninsula are classified high seismic hazard zones, in particular the Central and Southern parts of Italy, where in the Campania, Basilicata, Calabria ad Sicily regions, approximately 50% of the historical earthquakes have been recorded.

Special reports

  • 16 July 2013

    Van Allen belts

    ...and the spectacular phenomenon of polar auroras

    5 January 2005

    Tsunami in the Maldives

    On the 26th December 2004, an earthquake...

    8 November 2013

    Magnets and superconductors

    Which one of us has not played at attracting small pieces of iron with a magnet?

  • 10 January 2012

    Shale gas

    Unconventional gas: shale gas

    6 September 2009

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    Con la graduale scomparsa del ghiaccio marino in seguito al...

    13 May 2013

    Small steps, great footprints

    Have you ever wondered how much space is taken up by an apple or a steak?...

  • 15 September 2008

    Natural gas

    Natural gas has been the last fossil fuel to assert itself on a global scale...

    18 January 2016

    Ten years of oil demand

    Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review...

    30 April 2019

    Urban woods

    When walking along a tree-lined avenue in a crowded and traffic-congested city, wrapped up in our daily commitments, we do…

From the Multimedia section