Pollution

Kazakhstan has been dramatically damaged. In the Sixties, corn was intensively grown in the country, but this plan caused many ecological disasters. The course of the rivers Syr-Darya and Amu-Darya, tributaries to Lake Aral, was diverted to irrigate the fields and as a consequence the lake waters dropped down. The port of Aralsk moved away from the lake and the village emptied. Fish died because water became mush saltier, rains decreased, sand, salt and dust rose into storms of hundreds of kilometres. Birds and animals left the delta of the river. In the meantime, the chemical residues of farming seeped into the rivers and reached the drinkable waters of Kazakhstan, while the Kazakh steppe died out and got dry and salty because of excess farming. Luckily, since the Sixties environmental awareness has grown all over the world, and now, before a plan is implemented, an “environmental impact assessment” is carried out to assess beforehand all its potential consequences on the different elements of the environment. In addition, the European Community has developed a plan, called “Tacis”, aimed at boosting economical growth in the perspective of the sustainable development of the new independent States resulting from the collapse of the former Soviet Union (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Russian Federation, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan). The plan concerns farming, the environment and nuclear safety, both locally and across borders.

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Facts