Plants of the steppe

The steppe is a biome with herbaceous vegetation. The western steppes, which are more humid, are extremely rich in species. In the wet areas formed by melted snow, small trees and shrubs grow, especially poplars and aspens, which sometimes cluster into small woods. Conversely, in eastern steppes the vegetation is poorer and without trees.
Everywhere the vegetation mainly consists of graminaceous plants, herbs that sometimes can be 2 metres tall as in the great Chinese “grass sea”. Some species of pulse vegetables and composites also grow here.
In the south-American steppe lives a very rare and exceptional plant: the Titanca (Puya raimondii), a typical plant of the puna, i.e. the Andean steppe of Peru and Bolivia. It grows 4,000 metres above sea level and reaches 10 metres tall; it looks like a huge pineapple. It blooms and bears fruit only when old, generally when over one hundred years old. Threatened by breeding and farming, it is rarer than it used to be, and in many areas it seems to be actually disappearing.

Special reports

From the Multimedia section

  • ecosystems

    Vegetation of the steppe

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    ecosystems

    Peoples of the steppe

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    National Parks in the steppe

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    Ancient peoples of the Eurasian steppe

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    American buffalo

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    Horses Prairie

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    Prairie Dogs

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    ecosystems

    Coyote

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    ecosystems

    Sika Deer

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  • ecosystems

    Vegetation of the steppe

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    ecosystems

    Peoples of the steppe

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  • ecosystems

    National Parks in the steppe

    Look

    ecosystems

    Ancient peoples of the Eurasian steppe

    Look
  • ecosystems

    American buffalo

    Look

    ecosystems

    Horses Prairie

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Vegetation of the steppe

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Peoples of the steppe

    Look
  • ecosystems

    National Parks in the steppe

    Look

Facts

  • The loess

    A peculiar trait of these soils is that they are easily...

  • By train through the steppe

    Number Three, this is the official name of the express train (also called Trans-Mongolian Railway)...

  • Sputnik in the steppe

    The steppe was the protagonist of one of the most important events in the history of space explorations. The very…