Soil structure

When the soil is not removed, the so-called mature soil develops. Paedogenesis is the name of the process that leads to its creation.
A mature soil is characterized by a series of layers, called horizons, which differ according to the soil structure and the composition of organic and inorganic parts.
The layers create the soil profile:

  • Horizon A: rich in organic components, but lacks clay particles. Clay particles are transported by the water to the underneath horizons.
  • Horizon B: lacks organic material, but is rich in clay particles.
  • Horizon C: has particles of real soil and fragments of rock that have not been changed yet. More deeply, unchanged rocks can be found.

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Facts