Today 1000 barrels of oil are consumed every second worldwide, i.e. 159,000 litres. At present oil is the most important source of energy and for some applications it is irreplaceable, but till when will it be able to satisfy the growing demand of energy? The day will come when the production of oil shall reach a peak, after which it shall inexorably decrease with a consequent increase in prices. Some believe that the peak in production shall be reached in about thirty years, others instead believe that it has already been reached in the years between 2005 and 2010, and some believe in the existence of large quantities of oil at increasingly great depths, and others believe in the exploitation, for example, of tar sands.
The distribution of the main oil basins around the world is not uniform, however it is not even random. In fact it depends on the geological conditions that are necessary for the formation of large deposits and the difficulty encountered to explore and search for oil in isolated scarcely known areas, as for example areas characterized by environmental conditions that are particularly severe (vast areas in Siberia, the rain forest area in South America and deep offshore areas).
The geological history of our country is very complex and has given the peninsula a complicated and not very “tranquil” structural and sedimentary order. This has not favoured the formation of large extensive oil basins but has created local situations that are favourable for the formation of a number of oil provinces that are quite important, even though their extension is not great.

subjects dealt with in Oil

energia_400x225_0028_conoscere il petrolio

Oil knowledge

Oil is a fossil fuel, just like coal and natural gas. Such fuels derive from the rests of plants and…

energia_400x225_0027_dall'estrazione all'utilizzo

Extraction and uses

The search for new field is very expensive, therefore it has to be carried out extremely carefully. The first information…

energia_400x225_0025_il sistema petrolifero

The oil system

If one observes the distribution of hydrocarbons in the world, it is quite clear that it is not uniform all…

energia_400x225_0026_idrocarburi non convenzionali

Non-conventional hydrocarbons

The productivity of an oilfield depends on different factors, such as the permeability of the rocks of the reservoir, the…

special reports

  • 7 September 2011 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand The International Energy Agency  (IEA) recently published the data of world oil demand in 2010. This gives…

    5 October 2011 / Energy

    The energy scenario in Italy

    The National Energy Balance Every year the Italian Ministry of Economic Development publishes the country's National Energy Balance. This gives…

    21 February 2013 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici), the Italian energy services management authority, periodically publishes data…

  • 23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

    13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

    10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

  • 15 September 2008 / Energy

    Natural gas

    Natural gas Natural gas has been the last fossil fuel to assert itself on a global scale. For over a…

    22 May 2012 / Energy

    Green chemistry

    A bit of history Chemistry accompanies man from that day long ago when coarse hands full of hope put out…

    2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

  • 7 September 2011 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand The International Energy Agency  (IEA) recently published the data of world oil demand in 2010. This gives…

    5 October 2011 / Energy

    The energy scenario in Italy

    The National Energy Balance Every year the Italian Ministry of Economic Development publishes the country's National Energy Balance. This gives…

  • 21 February 2013 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici), the Italian energy services management authority, periodically publishes data…

    23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

  • 13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

    10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

  • 7 September 2011 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand The International Energy Agency  (IEA) recently published the data of world oil demand in 2010. This gives…

  • 5 October 2011 / Energy

    The energy scenario in Italy

    The National Energy Balance Every year the Italian Ministry of Economic Development publishes the country's National Energy Balance. This gives…

  • 21 February 2013 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici), the Italian energy services management authority, periodically publishes data…

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    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure.…

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    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

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  • Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy, in Italy, in some…

  • Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

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