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Natural gas is the last fossil source of energy  to be used on a global scale. For over a century, when the gas was discovered in areas that were far from the places where it could be utilized, it was preferably burnt at the gas well or freed into the atmosphere, because harnessing it in a pipeline and making it travel for many kilometres was too expensive. The situation has changed over the past forty years and today natural gas ranks third in world consumption of energy and is the fossil source with the best growth prospects. In the Seventies with the creation of transport infrastructures for importing natural gas, the producer countries and the consumers defined typical contract agreements that are reference models still today. From the Seventies up to date world consumption of gas has tripled, growing from 100 billion cubic metres to approximately 3,444 cubic meters in 2014. Data updated  to 2014, indicate that Italy produces 6.98 billion cubic metres of natural gas per year and consumes 60 billion cubic metres a year.
(Source: eni, World Oil and Gas Review 2015)

subjects dealt with in Natural gas

Natural gas knowledge

Natural gas is a fossil fuel like oil and coal. It is a mixture of hydrocarbons, mostly methane, and other…

Extraction and distribution

Often, albeit not always, natural gas is extracted from the same fields as oil. Just like oil, natural gas is…

Uses

Thanks to its several economic and environmental benefits, in the latest years natural gas has converted into the main fossil…

Methane hydrates

At the beginning of the Nineties, in  marine geology research environments, word began to spread about a particular substance present…

Environment and territory

The extreme flexibility of natural gas makes it one of the fuels easier to use, whereas the low content of…

special reports

  • 11 April 2016 / Energy

    A decade of gas demand

    World demand for natural gas Eni publishes annually the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical survey of the…

    18 May 2016 / Energy

    The demand for natural gas in Italy

    To understand the demand for natural gas in Italy in recent years, we look at the trend in consumption in…

    10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

  • 23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

    13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

    18 January 2016 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical…

  • 24 February 2016 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE, Energy Services Operator, periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used…

    2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

    6 September 2009 / Energy

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    New borders As global warming is causing the ocean ice to disappear, the Arctic Sea bottom has become the object…

  • 11 April 2016 / Energy

    A decade of gas demand

    World demand for natural gas Eni publishes annually the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical survey of the…

    18 May 2016 / Energy

    The demand for natural gas in Italy

    To understand the demand for natural gas in Italy in recent years, we look at the trend in consumption in…

  • 10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

    23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

  • 13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

    18 January 2016 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical…

  • 24 February 2016 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE, Energy Services Operator, periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used…

    2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

  • 6 September 2009 / Energy

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    New borders As global warming is causing the ocean ice to disappear, the Arctic Sea bottom has become the object…

  • 11 April 2016 / Energy

    A decade of gas demand

    World demand for natural gas Eni publishes annually the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical survey of the…

  • 18 May 2016 / Energy

    The demand for natural gas in Italy

    To understand the demand for natural gas in Italy in recent years, we look at the trend in consumption in…

  • 10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

  • 23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

  • 13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

  • 18 January 2016 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical…

  • 24 February 2016 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE, Energy Services Operator, periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used…

  • 2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

  • 6 September 2009 / Energy

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    New borders As global warming is causing the ocean ice to disappear, the Arctic Sea bottom has become the object…

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curiosities

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    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

    An artificial geyser

    Electric and thermal power produced from geothermal energy depend on the existence of underground infiltrations...

    Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

  • Some curiosities about methane hydrates

    The melting of the ice cells, not only brings about the release of methane gas, but it also produces another…

    Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

  • Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

    Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

  • Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

    Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

  • Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

    An artificial geyser

    Electric and thermal power produced from geothermal energy depend on the existence of underground infiltrations...

  • Hydrogen from biomass

    Hydrogen is an energy carrier that allows to generate energy in an environmentally sustainable way...

  • Some curiosities about methane hydrates

    The melting of the ice cells, not only brings about the release of methane gas, but it also produces another…

  • Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

  • Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

  • Where does energy come from?

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need...

  • Electricity and electrons

    In all electric plants, excluding photovoltaic solar plants, mechanic energy is transformed into electric energy through the same basic procedure...

  • Peat and peat-bogs

    The age of coal starts towards the mid 1600s, stimulated by the need for finding an alternative energy source to…

  • Geographical distribution of energy

    Every day the Earth receives enough solar energy to satisfy the global energy need. Unfortunately we cannot exploit all this…

  • An artificial geyser

    Electric and thermal power produced from geothermal energy depend on the existence of underground infiltrations...

  • Hydrogen from biomass

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