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Natural gas is the last fossil source of energy  to be used on a global scale. For over a century, when the gas was discovered in areas that were far from the places where it could be utilized, it was preferably burnt at the gas well or freed into the atmosphere, because harnessing it in a pipeline and making it travel for many kilometres was too expensive. The situation has changed over the past forty years and today natural gas ranks third in world consumption of energy and is the fossil source with the best growth prospects. In the Seventies with the creation of transport infrastructures for importing natural gas, the producer countries and the consumers defined typical contract agreements that are reference models still today. From the Seventies up to date world consumption of gas has tripled, growing from 100 billion cubic metres to approximately 3,444 cubic meters in 2014. Data updated  to 2014, indicate that Italy produces 6.98 billion cubic metres of natural gas per year and consumes 60 billion cubic metres a year.
(Source: eni, World Oil and Gas Review 2015)

subjects dealt with in Natural gas

energia_400x225_0057_conoscere il gas naturale

Natural gas knowledge

Natural gas is a fossil fuel like oil and coal. It is a mixture of hydrocarbons, mostly methane, and other…

energia_400x225_0056_estrazione e trasporto

Extraction and distribution

Often, albeit not always, natural gas is extracted from the same fields as oil. Just like oil, natural gas is…

energia_400x225_0053_utilizzi del gas

Uses

Thanks to its several economic and environmental benefits, in the latest years natural gas has converted into the main fossil…

energia_400x225_0054_idrati di metano

Methane hydrates

At the beginning of the Nineties, in  marine geology research environments, word began to spread about a particular substance present…

energia_400x225_0058_ambiente e territorio

Environment and territory

The extreme flexibility of natural gas makes it one of the fuels easier to use, whereas the low content of…

special reports

  • gasnaturale

    11 April 2016 / Energy

    A decade of gas demand

    World demand for natural gas Eni publishes annually the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical survey of the…

    gas_italia

    18 May 2016 / Energy

    The demand for natural gas in Italy

    To understand the demand for natural gas in Italy in recent years, we look at the trend in consumption in…

    shalegas

    10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

  • carbon_foot

    23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

    piccoli_passi

    13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

    Dieci_anni_petrolio_preview

    18 January 2016 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical…

  • rinnovabiliItalia

    24 February 2016 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE, Energy Services Operator, periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used…

    EnricoMattei

    2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

    giacimentisottoighiacci

    6 September 2009 / Energy

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    New borders As global warming is causing the ocean ice to disappear, the Arctic Sea bottom has become the object…

  • gasnaturale

    11 April 2016 / Energy

    A decade of gas demand

    World demand for natural gas Eni publishes annually the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical survey of the…

    gas_italia

    18 May 2016 / Energy

    The demand for natural gas in Italy

    To understand the demand for natural gas in Italy in recent years, we look at the trend in consumption in…

  • shalegas

    10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

    carbon_foot

    23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

  • piccoli_passi

    13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

    Dieci_anni_petrolio_preview

    18 January 2016 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical…

  • rinnovabiliItalia

    24 February 2016 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE, Energy Services Operator, periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used…

    EnricoMattei

    2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

  • giacimentisottoighiacci

    6 September 2009 / Energy

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    New borders As global warming is causing the ocean ice to disappear, the Arctic Sea bottom has become the object…

  • gasnaturale

    11 April 2016 / Energy

    A decade of gas demand

    World demand for natural gas Eni publishes annually the World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical survey of the…

  • gas_italia

    18 May 2016 / Energy

    The demand for natural gas in Italy

    To understand the demand for natural gas in Italy in recent years, we look at the trend in consumption in…

  • shalegas

    10 January 2012 / Energy

    Shale gas

    The golden age of gas The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an international organisation that represents one of the points…

  • carbon_foot

    23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

  • piccoli_passi

    13 May 2013 / Earth

    Small steps, great footprints

    Which one takes up more space, an apple or a steak? Have you ever wondered how much space is taken…

  • Dieci_anni_petrolio_preview

    18 January 2016 / Energy

    Ten years of oil demand

    World oil demand Eni has recently published the 14th edition of the 2015 World Oil and Gas Review, the annual statistical…

  • rinnovabiliItalia

    24 February 2016 / Energy

    Renewable energy in Italy

    Renewable energy sources in Italy The GSE, Energy Services Operator, periodically publishes data and statistics on the renewable sources used…

  • EnricoMattei

    2 May 2006 / Energy

    Enrico Mattei

    Man of the future Enrico Mattei reminds us of a tenacious and brave man, who was able to gather economic…

  • giacimentisottoighiacci

    6 September 2009 / Energy

    Oil fields beneath the ice

    New borders As global warming is causing the ocean ice to disappear, the Arctic Sea bottom has become the object…

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    Some curiosities about methane hydrates

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    Orimulsion

    In order to improve supply security, and therefore the diversification of sources to produce electric energy...

  • cracking

    Cracking operations

    At the end of the fractional distillation, long hydrocarbon molecules can be transformed into lighter molecules by means of more…

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