The weather station

The weather station is a small construction in which all the instruments used to measure the principal atmospheric parameters are set up. It is a wood cabin, painted white in order to reflect the Sun’s rays in the best possible manner, the sides are louvered shutters in order to guarantee air circulation. The cabin must be placed 1 m above ground so that it is not affected by direct heating from the ground. Many instruments are lodged in the cabin: a thermometer to measure the temperature, usually the maximum and minimum temperature type, a barograph and, on the outside, an anemometer and an anemoscope and a pluviograph are the minimum standard instrumentation.
The weather station must operate even if an operator is not present on the site, therefore all the instruments must be able to record data. Once, recordings were made on paper supports, and the operators periodically replaced the rolls of paper and collected the data, but now most of the instruments are electronic and are able to record data continuously, transfer them to a computer, and transmit them in real time to the recording stations, usually by means of radio signals.

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