Meteorology is the science that studies atmospheric phenomena, such as clouds, winds, precipitation and the processes that produce the same. It must not be mistaken with climatology, that studies the distribution of atmospheric phenomena on a planetary scale, over a period of many years and the variations that have taken place in time.
All meteorological phenomena originate in the atmosphere, in particular, in its lower layers, in the troposphere and the tropopause, that are directly in contact with the Earth’s surface. In order to understand these phenomena, it is also necessary to study the interactions between the atmosphere, the Earth’s surface, the oceans, the biosphere, man and human activities.
The most evident scope of meteorology is weather forecasting, however meteorology is a very complex science which integrates with climatology in order to try to understand the mechanisms of the atmosphere, through models, and studying how the climate changes, due to both natural and anthropic causes.

subjects dealt with in Meteorology knowledge

aria_400x225_0008_che cos'è la metereologia

What is meteorology?

The atmosphere is the densest part of the gaseous covering that envelops our planet. Due to its weight and to…

aria_400x225_0005_precipitazioni

Precipitation

Precipitation includes all forms of additional water, in the liquid or solid state, that fall or form on the Earth’s…

aria_400x225_0007_come funziona

How it works…

The most precise and accurate instrument to measure pressure is the mercury barometer, on the model of  E. Torricelli’s barometer…

aria_400x225_0004_previsioni del tempo

Weather forecasts

The capacity of making weather forecasts has always been one of Man’s requirements, in order to be able to manage…

special reports

  • 30 May 2014 / Air

    Latest news regarding the Climate

    A short summary Polar temperatures in the USA, days in March that are almost like summer, extremely violent typhoons ...…

    29 April 2014 / Air

    What will the climate be like?

    Fiction vs reality In a famous scene of The day after tomorrow1, the paleoclimatologist Jack Hall presents the results of…

    11 December 2013 / Air

    Typhoons, hurricanes and cyclones

    The typhoon in the Philippines and the flood in Sardinia On November 8, 2013 typhoon Haiyan (in the photograph) hit…

  • 23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

    29 January 2013 / Air

    Rio+20: The future we want?

    Rio+20: expectations and disappointment The appointment that we were so looking forward to, of the international conference on sustainable development,…

    5 May 2012 / Air

    Rio and the battle against desertification

    The Rio Conventions: focus on UNCCD In Rio, two other great challenges for sustainable development, which are closely connected with…

  • 27 March 2012 / Air

    Rio and the Conventions

    The history of climate negotiations In the past years we have heard  and read a lot about climate change. The…

    20 January 2012 / Air

    From Rio to Rio+20

    20 years after Rio In June this year, in Rio de Janeiro, the world conference on sustainable development will be…

    2 October 2011 / Air

    The hydrogeological risk

    Inundations On the sides of  watercourses are plains known as flood plains, that get flooded only occasionally after large amounts…

  • 30 May 2014 / Air

    Latest news regarding the Climate

    A short summary Polar temperatures in the USA, days in March that are almost like summer, extremely violent typhoons ...…

    29 April 2014 / Air

    What will the climate be like?

    Fiction vs reality In a famous scene of The day after tomorrow1, the paleoclimatologist Jack Hall presents the results of…

  • 11 December 2013 / Air

    Typhoons, hurricanes and cyclones

    The typhoon in the Philippines and the flood in Sardinia On November 8, 2013 typhoon Haiyan (in the photograph) hit…

    23 October 2013 / Air

    Carbon Footprint

    CO2 emissions and lifestyles If your parents decide to buy a new car, they might be attracted by a car…

  • 29 January 2013 / Air

    Rio+20: The future we want?

    Rio+20: expectations and disappointment The appointment that we were so looking forward to, of the international conference on sustainable development,…

    5 May 2012 / Air

    Rio and the battle against desertification

    The Rio Conventions: focus on UNCCD In Rio, two other great challenges for sustainable development, which are closely connected with…

  • 30 May 2014 / Air

    Latest news regarding the Climate

    A short summary Polar temperatures in the USA, days in March that are almost like summer, extremely violent typhoons ...…

  • 29 April 2014 / Air

    What will the climate be like?

    Fiction vs reality In a famous scene of The day after tomorrow1, the paleoclimatologist Jack Hall presents the results of…

  • 11 December 2013 / Air

    Typhoons, hurricanes and cyclones

    The typhoon in the Philippines and the flood in Sardinia On November 8, 2013 typhoon Haiyan (in the photograph) hit…

from the Multimedia section

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    The greenhouse effect

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    Icebergs, ice packs and glaciers

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    Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2010

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    Emissions of four principal factors, from 1970 to 2010

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    Future scenarios of an increase in the temperature

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    Mean sea level rise foreseen by IPCC

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    Lead Authors Meeting AR5 WGIII

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    Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions from 1750 to 2011

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    First session of IPCC

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  • air

    The greenhouse effect

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    air

    Icebergs, ice packs and glaciers

    Look
  • air

    Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2010

    Look

    air

    Emissions of four principal factors, from 1970 to 2010

    Look
  • air

    Future scenarios of an increase in the temperature

    Look

    air

    Mean sea level rise foreseen by IPCC

    Look
  • air

    The greenhouse effect

    Look
  • air

    Icebergs, ice packs and glaciers

    Look
  • air

    Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2010

    Look

curiosities

  • The weather-wizard

    Man’s great dream has always been to be able to control atmospheric events, in particular the rainfall. Every culture has…

    Meteorological satellites

    Meteorological observations from satellites are at present the most avant-garde systems to collect data regarding the higher altitudes of the…

    Red sunsets

    At dawn and at sunset, the sun’s radiation reaches the ground at a very low angle of incidence, therefore the…

  • Tornado chasers

    Tornadoes are one of the most violent and spectacular meteorological manifestations. They appear suddenly without any warning, they move rapidly…

    Exploring the air

    In order to have a three-dimensional view of the atmosphere it is necessary to record observations at the higher altitudes,…

    METEOSAT European satellites

    The first European meteorological satellite was launched in November 1977, the first of the METEOSAT series. At present there are…

  • Radars in meteorology

    Radar (acronym for radio detection and ranging) monitoring techniques  are used to record the position of objects of any size,…

    Weather over the Mediterranean Sea

    The weather in the Mediterranean areas is generally associated with fair weather in summer (except occasional formation of storms) and…

    GOES meteorological satellites

    The numerous civil and military satellites orbiting around us are currently able to observe practically every point of the planet.…

  • The weather-wizard

    Man’s great dream has always been to be able to control atmospheric events, in particular the rainfall. Every culture has…

    Meteorological satellites

    Meteorological observations from satellites are at present the most avant-garde systems to collect data regarding the higher altitudes of the…

  • Red sunsets

    At dawn and at sunset, the sun’s radiation reaches the ground at a very low angle of incidence, therefore the…

    Tornado chasers

    Tornadoes are one of the most violent and spectacular meteorological manifestations. They appear suddenly without any warning, they move rapidly…

  • Exploring the air

    In order to have a three-dimensional view of the atmosphere it is necessary to record observations at the higher altitudes,…

    METEOSAT European satellites

    The first European meteorological satellite was launched in November 1977, the first of the METEOSAT series. At present there are…

  • The weather-wizard

    Man’s great dream has always been to be able to control atmospheric events, in particular the rainfall. Every culture has…

  • Meteorological satellites

    Meteorological observations from satellites are at present the most avant-garde systems to collect data regarding the higher altitudes of the…

  • Red sunsets

    At dawn and at sunset, the sun’s radiation reaches the ground at a very low angle of incidence, therefore the…

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