This type of environment is characterized by warm dry summers and mild rainy winters. This remarkably influences the vegetation, which is therefore characterized by low, woody, evergreen plants with a sclerophytic type of structure, that is, with small and hard leaves that are suited to resist the summer draught.
For this reason the Mediterranean scrub is also called “sclerophyl  forest” (skleros = hard, phyllon = leaf).
Total annual rainfall is approximately 250-500 millimetres and occurs mainly in the winter months. In summer the mean monthly temperature is often higher than 20°C and in this biome, in winter it very rarely freezes.

subjects dealt with in Mediterranean Scrub

ecosistemi_400x225_0019_la macchia mediterranea

Mediterranean Scrub

The most typical Mediterranean scrub area is the Mediterranean basin, but it can also be found in other regions of…

ecosistemi_400x225_0020_La macchia e l'uomo

Man and the biome

Olive trees are the native arboreal species that is most commonly grown in the region of the Mediterranean scrub and…

ecosistemi_400x225_0021_impatti sul territorio

Human impact

One of the main causes for the drying of the soil is excess pasturing. It occurs when the pressure of…

ecosistemi_400x225_0022_cosa si puo fare

What to do

The Civil Defence suggests some sustainable behavioural rules to prevent fires: do not light fires near wood, flammable liquids in…

special reports

  • 10 February 2014 / Ecosystems

    Coral turns pale!

    The delicate balance of the coral reef “When looking at a coral reef, we are fascinated by the enormous variety…

    29 April 2013 / Ecosystems

    Intruders in the Mediterranean

    Mare Nostrum The Mediterranean Sea (Mare Nostrum, Latin for “Our Sea”) has always been considered of fundamental importance for the…

    1 August 2012 / Ecosystems

    Holidays, yes! but they must be sustainable!

    Sustainable holidays Lately we have been speaking of sustainable behaviours to apply to our daily life, but what happens when…

  • 8 July 2011 / Ecosystems

    Who's coming to dinner

    A shark in my hamburger Summer is finally here! As usual, we have waited for it all year long and…

    8 April 2011 / Ecosystems

    Protected areas

    Taking a look at the past Protecting nature, at least as a general concept, has rather old origins; in fact…

    15 March 2008 / Ecosystems

    Biodiversity

    Defining biodiversity Much is said about biodiversity and of the need to protect it. But what is biodiversity? And why…

  • 1 November 2007 / Ecosystems

    The environment and health

    Two faces of the same coin The topic of the relationship between the environment and health is very transversal, i.e.…

    13 October 2007 / Ecosystems

    Environmental risk in Nepal

    Institutional management The government institution in charge of management of natural resources in Nepal, is the Ministry of Population and…

    1 June 2007 / Ecosystems

    Nepal’s natural resources

    The country Morphological characteristics Nepal is a relatively small country with a total area of little less than 150,000 square…

  • 10 February 2014 / Ecosystems

    Coral turns pale!

    The delicate balance of the coral reef “When looking at a coral reef, we are fascinated by the enormous variety…

    29 April 2013 / Ecosystems

    Intruders in the Mediterranean

    Mare Nostrum The Mediterranean Sea (Mare Nostrum, Latin for “Our Sea”) has always been considered of fundamental importance for the…

  • 1 August 2012 / Ecosystems

    Holidays, yes! but they must be sustainable!

    Sustainable holidays Lately we have been speaking of sustainable behaviours to apply to our daily life, but what happens when…

    8 July 2011 / Ecosystems

    Who's coming to dinner

    A shark in my hamburger Summer is finally here! As usual, we have waited for it all year long and…

  • 8 April 2011 / Ecosystems

    Protected areas

    Taking a look at the past Protecting nature, at least as a general concept, has rather old origins; in fact…

    15 March 2008 / Ecosystems

    Biodiversity

    Defining biodiversity Much is said about biodiversity and of the need to protect it. But what is biodiversity? And why…

  • 10 February 2014 / Ecosystems

    Coral turns pale!

    The delicate balance of the coral reef “When looking at a coral reef, we are fascinated by the enormous variety…

  • 29 April 2013 / Ecosystems

    Intruders in the Mediterranean

    Mare Nostrum The Mediterranean Sea (Mare Nostrum, Latin for “Our Sea”) has always been considered of fundamental importance for the…

  • 1 August 2012 / Ecosystems

    Holidays, yes! but they must be sustainable!

    Sustainable holidays Lately we have been speaking of sustainable behaviours to apply to our daily life, but what happens when…

from the Multimedia section

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    ecosystems

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  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean sea

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    ecosystems

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  • air

    Some estimated impacts of climate changes in the Mediterranean area

    Look

    ecosystems

    Prickly Juniper

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Boars

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean scrub flowers

    Look
  • ecosystems

    Mediterranean sea

    Look

curiosities

  • Mediterranean diet

    Since the people who live in the Mediterranean basin live to a particularly old age and are immune from degenerative…

    The myth of olive trees

    The ancients used to say: the Mediterranean begins and ends with the olive tree, to signify the deep and extremely…

    Various uses of the carob tree

    Since the antiquity, this evergreen tree has been grown as a fodder plant in Asia, Europe and northern Africa. It…

  • Parks and wildlife sanctuaries

    To protect nature threatened by man’s pressure, many reserves and wildlife sanctuaries have been established. In Italy, natural reserves amount…

    Projects to restock species

    The restocking of extinct species is one of the strategies that have been implemented in the attempt to protect and…

    Purple gallinule, you will survive!

    The purple gallinule lives all over Africa, in tropical Asia and in a large part of Oceania. The nominal subspecies…

  • Why the old ladies?

    Thomas Huxley (1825-1895), a famous English biologist, tried to explain the complexity of natural processes in an original way, and…

    A heavenly garden

    In Cornwall huge sphere greenhouses were built: huge bubbles made up of plastic hexagons with a metallic framework. Inside these…

    The concentration of elements

    In nature the quantity of elements is extremely important: the substances that are necessary to living organisms are often more…

  • Mediterranean diet

    Since the people who live in the Mediterranean basin live to a particularly old age and are immune from degenerative…

    The myth of olive trees

    The ancients used to say: the Mediterranean begins and ends with the olive tree, to signify the deep and extremely…

  • Various uses of the carob tree

    Since the antiquity, this evergreen tree has been grown as a fodder plant in Asia, Europe and northern Africa. It…

    Parks and wildlife sanctuaries

    To protect nature threatened by man’s pressure, many reserves and wildlife sanctuaries have been established. In Italy, natural reserves amount…

  • Projects to restock species

    The restocking of extinct species is one of the strategies that have been implemented in the attempt to protect and…

    Purple gallinule, you will survive!

    The purple gallinule lives all over Africa, in tropical Asia and in a large part of Oceania. The nominal subspecies…

  • Mediterranean diet

    Since the people who live in the Mediterranean basin live to a particularly old age and are immune from degenerative…

  • The myth of olive trees

    The ancients used to say: the Mediterranean begins and ends with the olive tree, to signify the deep and extremely…

  • Various uses of the carob tree

    Since the antiquity, this evergreen tree has been grown as a fodder plant in Asia, Europe and northern Africa. It…

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