Observing the Earth’s surface

Atmosphere and hydrosphere get in contact with rocks and minerals on the Earth’s surface, where rocks spontaneously adapt to the conditions of our planet. The Earth’s surface is continuously evolving and modifying in time to create different landscapes. The elements that characterize a landscape are various and range from soil conformation (grasslands and mountains) to water bodies (lakes, rivers and waterfalls), animals (fauna) vegetation (flora), climate and man’s works (cities, roads, castles and many infrastructures). A natural landscape, without any human intervention, is often the result of two opposite forces, a battle that has been going on for thousands of years, between the geological processes that occur inside the Earth (the movement of earth plates, volcanic activity, the processes that lead to the creation of new mountains) and the processes that occur externally to the Earth’s surface (erosion and water transport of material, changes due to particular climate conditions and many others).

Special reports

  • 10 January 2007

    Man and the mountain

    The antique populations that used to live at the bottom of the mountains...

    7 January 2010

    Alps and Appennines

    The term orogeny was born from the Greek words...

    13 May 2013

    Small steps, great footprints

    Have you ever wondered how much space is taken up by an apple or a steak?...

  • 5 September 2007

    The Mediterranean sea

    The warm blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea...

    3 December 2006

    Sustainable agriculture

    Agriculture is man’s main activity, it enables the production of food...

    15 March 2008

    Biodiversity

    Defining biodiversity Much is said about biodiversity and of the need to protect it. But what is biodiversity? And why…

  • 10 November 2011

    Landslides

    When studying landslide phenomena, it is opportune to distinguish...

    2 October 2011

    The hydrogeological risk

    On the sides of watercourses are plains...

    5 January 2005

    Tsunami in the Maldives

    On the 26th December 2004, an earthquake that took place 300 km west of the Island of Sumatra...

  • 10 January 2007

    Man and the mountain

    The antique populations that used to live at the bottom of the mountains...

    7 January 2010

    Alps and Appennines

    The term orogeny was born from the Greek words...

  • 13 May 2013

    Small steps, great footprints

    Have you ever wondered how much space is taken up by an apple or a steak?...

    5 September 2007

    The Mediterranean sea

    The warm blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea...

  • 3 December 2006

    Sustainable agriculture

    Agriculture is man’s main activity, it enables the production of food...

    15 March 2008

    Biodiversity

    Defining biodiversity Much is said about biodiversity and of the need to protect it. But what is biodiversity? And why…

From the Multimedia section

  • earth

    Waterfall

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    earth

    More info on landscapes

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  • earth

    Venezuelan forest

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    earth

    The compass

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  • earth

    Landscapes: factors that shapes

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    earth

    The history of the Earth in one day 1

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Facts

  • Mountains on the Earth

    The different landscapes that we analysed in the previous section are distributed...

  • Different plains

    In South America plains are different from North to South...

  • 16 May 2011

    Rock glaciers

    In the mountains, also in our Alps, in detrital screes...