Environmental Impact Assessment

The Environmental Impact Assessment was born in the United States in 1969 from the National Environment Policy Act (NEPS) and it anticipated, by almost ten years, the basic principle of the concept of Sustainable Development, defined as a “sustainable economic development that meets present needs without compromising future generations ability to meet their own needs” enunciated by the World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future, in 1987. In Europe, this procedure was introduced by EEC Directive 85/337/EEC (Council Directive dated 27 June 1985, on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Public and Private Projects on the Environment), and was subsequently implemented in the regulations of the Member States, soon becoming a fundamental instrument in environmental policies.
EIA is a study that evaluates the consequences that a project will have on the territory and on its inhabitants. The examined territory must not only include the areas that are in the immediate vicinity, but it must include all the areas that are near and far, that may feel the impact of the project on the environment in some way.
Environmental Impact Assessment Studies must provide competent authorities the elements for them to decide, as follows:

  • Global environment and Project description stage, which also includes atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and anthroposphere;
  • Identification and assessment stage, of the impacts of the project on the environment, such as interferences and environmental components;
  • General assessment stage, by the party proposing the project or intervention, after having defined the chosen methods and criteria.

EIA is also a process in which the citizens participate, and in this way are informed of the complex environmental and social condition. This enables citizens to control the coherence and the efficiency of the work carried out by the competent authorities and enrichen the decision-making process, with their observations.

Special reports

  • 10 January 2007

    Man and the mountain

    The antique populations that used to live at the bottom of the mountains...

    7 January 2010

    Alps and Appennines

    The term orogeny was born from the Greek words...

    13 May 2013

    Small steps, great footprints

    Have you ever wondered how much space is taken up by an apple or a steak?...

  • 5 September 2007

    The Mediterranean sea

    The warm blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea...

    3 December 2006

    Sustainable agriculture

    Agriculture is man’s main activity, it enables the production of food...

    15 March 2008

    Biodiversity

    Defining biodiversity Much is said about biodiversity and of the need to protect it. But what is biodiversity? And why…

  • 10 November 2011

    Landslides

    When studying landslide phenomena, it is opportune to distinguish...

    2 October 2011

    The hydrogeological risk

    On the sides of watercourses are plains...

    5 January 2005

    Tsunami in the Maldives

    On the 26th December 2004, an earthquake that took place 300 km west of the Island of Sumatra...

  • 10 January 2007

    Man and the mountain

    The antique populations that used to live at the bottom of the mountains...

    7 January 2010

    Alps and Appennines

    The term orogeny was born from the Greek words...

  • 13 May 2013

    Small steps, great footprints

    Have you ever wondered how much space is taken up by an apple or a steak?...

    5 September 2007

    The Mediterranean sea

    The warm blue waters of the Mediterranean Sea...

  • 3 December 2006

    Sustainable agriculture

    Agriculture is man’s main activity, it enables the production of food...

    15 March 2008

    Biodiversity

    Defining biodiversity Much is said about biodiversity and of the need to protect it. But what is biodiversity? And why…

From the Multimedia section

Facts

  • Mountains on the Earth

    The different landscapes that we analysed in the previous section are distributed...

  • Different plains

    In South America plains are different from North to South...

  • 16 May 2011

    Rock glaciers

    In the mountains, also in our Alps, in detrital screes...