Mine rehabilitation

Coal mining has impacts on superficial and underground waters, soil, local land use and native flora and fauna. Each mine must have a reclamation or rehabilitation plan that covers all the phases of the mine lifecycle. The reclamation activities must be undertaken gradually: the land contour must be restored, the topsoil replaced and vegetation replanted on the mined out areas. Both before and during the mining activity, extreme care must be taken to preserve the wildlife, historical sites and all the resources of particular value to the territory. During mining operations, dust pollution, noise pollution and water contamination must be minimised. When mining activities have stopped, disused mine pits can be utilised to build tanks or for recreational activities using water. The reclaimed land can be put to use in different ways: for agriculture, forestry, recreation, building areas for industries or wildlife habitation and habitat. Today the coal industry is committed to protecting the environment and land rehabilitation is an integral part of most of the mining activities. Coal mining companies are investing a lot (in both expertise and financial resources) to restore the land to a condition that is equal to or better than the pre-mining one.

Special reports

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