published on 21 May 2020 in life
International Day for Biological Diversity 2020
On May 22, the International Day for Biological Diversity, an initiative established to underline the importance of protecting the extraordinary wealth of all living species on Earth, was held. The date was chosen to commemorate the day in 1992 when the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), an international treaty ratified by 196 countries, was adopted in Nairobi to protect the planet’s biological diversity.
For several decades now, experts have shown that biological diversity is an indispensable resource for the planet and an immeasurable wealth for local economies. To date, 1,700,000 living species have been described, including animals, plants and micro-organisms belonging to the various kingdoms, but experts speculate that there may be as many as 13,000,000. A large proportion of species could be hiding in the oceans, which from the point of view of biodiversity are a real treasure trove still largely unknown. Although water covers two-thirds of the planet’s surface, we have explored only 5% of it. Yet there is also another factor to take into account when we count the number of species on the planet: by the end of the century, 50% of living species in fact risk extinction and it is precisely in order to raise our awareness on this issue that the International Day for Biological Diversity was established.
The theme of the Day chosen for this year is “Our solutions are in nature”, with the aim of underlining the importance of working together at all levels to build a future of life in harmony with nature.
Learn more about the International Day for Biological Diversity:
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