published on 28 July 2019 in life
International Tiger Day
The day dedicated to tigers, animals which, despite numerous efforts to preserve them, are still today threatened with relentless decline, is celebrated on 29 July. International Tiger Day was created during the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010, when all the countries where tigers still live committed to the Tx2 goal, that is to doubling the number of wild tigers by 2022. The purpose of Tiger Day is to draw attention all over the world to conservation of this animal. The tiger, in fact, is one of the species most at risk of extinction: it has been estimated that only 3,890 tigers remain in the wild, distributed unevenly over 13 different Countries (India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Russia, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) and that since the beginning of the 20th century we have lost 95% of the wild tiger population.
Major threats are poaching and destruction of forests and of their natural habitat. In the forests of South-East Asian countries, the roar of the tiger is growing increasingly fainter, since there is a rapid impoverishment of forest resources. Indeed, whole forests are disappearing to satisfy the global demands of the timber industry and to make room for the growth of farming. With regard to poaching, it is calculated that two tigers are killed each week for illegal sale of their skins and bones, but the actual level of poaching could be significantly higher due to the fact that, as an illegal trade, it is difficult to monitor. It is therefore feared that countries that do not conduct national investigations may lose their tiger populations without realising it, due to poaching.