published on 1 August 2018 in earth
Islands moving towards sustainability
Islands are ideal workshops for tackling, and winning, the most urgent and important environmental challenges that the World is facing. Legambiente, the Italian environmentalist group, in its recent report on “Isole sostenibili” (Sustainable islands) describes the experience of 32 islands, from the Pacific to the Atlantic Oceans, from the North Sea to Australia. All of them are aiming at a 100% renewable scenario and have achieved results by making use of local natural resources, promoting the economies of their territories and involving their resident communities. These islands set good examples worth copying in the Mediterranean area. Indeed, there are hundreds of islands that could follow their lead, thus contributing to the battle against climate change, the consequences of which are often more severe precisely in small islands. For Italy, in particular, Legambiente has decided to focus its attention on 20 small, inhabited islands that are not interconnected with the national electricity network: Capraia, Capri, Levanzo, Favignana, Marettimo, Isola del Giglio, Tremiti Islands, Lampedusa, Linosa, Pantelleria, Salina, Lipari, Stromboli, Panarea, Vulcano, Alicudi, Filicudi, Ponza, Ventotene and Ustica. The report concentrates on how these islands are dealing with supply of clean energy and water, disposal of waste and solving mobility problems.
These four themes are the most urgent environmental challenges for the whole of our planet and for which these islands are an ideal workshop. Despite appearances, precisely these territories – as experience of various islands in the world also show – in fact can become models for introduction of sustainable systems for procuring clean energy and water, for waste disposal and for providing zero-emission mobility.