From game “preserves” to natural reserves
In the old times, parks were set up as game “preserves” for the exclusive benefit of the upper classes: game could be preserved only of its natural environment was preserved.
Later on, in the early 19th century, parks began to take on a broader meaning, i.e. that of important areas for the protection of fauna and flora for scientific (botany, zoology and other studies) or aesthetic purposes. Only in 1872 was the first real national park founded; it was in the United States of America and the park was the Yellowstone Park (Wyoming, Idaho, Montana)